Australia experiences hottest summer on record

Australia has seen the hottest summer, according to the country's Bureau of Meteorology.

Hundreds of individual thermal records have been destroyed throughout the country over the past three months.

Warm weather, a pair of.14C above the long-term average, caused forest fires, power outages and high admissions in hospitals.

Wildlife also suffered, with reports of mass deaths of wild horses, local bats and fish.

"The real trait was just the extent and severity of the heat wave," Blair Treyne, a climatologist at the BBC, told the BBC.

He added that temperatures exceeded the most hot summer between 2012 and 2013 by about one degree Celsius, "a very large margin for a national record."
The office said in a statement on Friday that the average long-term summer temperature in Australia was twenty seven degrees Celsius.

How serious is this?
Australia has seen at least five days of its hottest day in January, the hottest month ever.

Every state and land was affected, but South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales bore the brunt of extreme temperatures.

Other influences include:

In Tasmania, firefighters clashed with dozens of forest fires in world heritage forests
The high rate of air conditioner use led to widespread power outages throughout Melbourne
More than ninety horses were found dead or dead in a dry water hole in the Northern Territory.
"This was definitely beyond the normal circumstances of this decade - it was an unusual summer," said Treyenne.

How does climate change affect Australia?
A warmer season pattern "is consistent with observed climate change," the office said.

Officials confirmed that 2018 and 2017 are Australia's third and fourth consecutive years.

Climate change has led to an increase in extreme heat events and increased other natural disasters, such as drought.

Parts of eastern Australia continue to suffer from the worst drought in recent history.

Drought is seen from the air
Severe floods kill 500,000 cattle
Even if global temperatures are contained within the Paris agreement of 2C above pre-industrial levels, scientists believe the country faces a new natural hazard.

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